Cloud ERP vs On-premise ERP: Solving The Great Business Debate29 Aug 2017 | by Vittorio Menichelli
Cloud ERP vs On-Premise ERP, which is the better option for my business?
As we have learned from many years of implementing such solutions, there is no single right or wrong answer to the Cloud vs On-Premise debate for Enterprise Resource Planning systems.
We have implemented Cloud, Hosted, Private Cloud and On-Premise solutions since 2005 and we want to help organisations better understand the pros and cons of each solution. Much has been written about the benefits of Cloud vs On-Premise and we want to give our own view with particular focus on ERP systems.
This blog has been written to help educate organisations on some of the questions to ask that might help you with your Cloud ERP vs On-Premise ERP dilemma.
Why Cloud is becoming the new normal
There has been very strong acceptance of Cloud-based solutions for CRM (Customer Relationship Management), Office automation (Microsoft Office 365) and mobility tools.
The acceptance of ERP solutions in the cloud has been a little slower. Why?
Because potential cloud based Enterprise Resource Planning adopters have been concerned about data, privacy and security.
There was a mindset that said “I don’t want my debtors book exposed to the internet / cloud”. Most of that anxiety has gone away over the past few years as the uptake of cloud based ERP solutions by businesses has increased.
Companies have realised that their cloud deployment is no more or less exposed to the outside world than an on premise solution (with remote connectivity).
As a result of these changes most companies evaluating ERP solutions will be considering cloud and on-premise as a deployment option.
The question that we are often asked is “which is the best option for my business? Cloud ERP or on-premise ERP?”.
The Cloud ERP vs On-Premise ERP decision comes down to this
Before deciding which is the correct option for your business ask yourself these questions:
Cash flow – Am I more comfortable with an upfront investment or monthly payments. Not having to outlay large sums of money upfront for software, hardware and infrastructure helps ease some cash flow pains. One cautionary note – paying for cloud software and services is an on-going commitment – monthly or annually for the lifetime of the software. This is an important aspect to consider when evaluating the target ERP Return on investment for your business.
Internet – Like it or not any Cloud based solution that you use will require fast, reliable internet. If you can’t get a fast, reliable internet connection then an On-premise solution is for you.
Geography – Remote offices can sometimes struggle for a decent internet connection. Multiple geographies and different office locations does however lend itself to a cloud deployment. One of the major advantages of Cloud ERP is that you can add new users, offices and sites with ease. Tell your Cloud provider you need additional users and you are immediately up and running – no server, infrastructure or hardware configuration required.
Infrastructure – An On-Premise solution requires hardware, routers, back-up solutions and infrastructure. With a Cloud based ERP solution that infrastructure is taken care of and is constantly updated.
Tax – The treatment for tax purposes of an upfront software purchase (asset) is usually quite different to the tax treatment of monthly “operating cost” invoices for Cloud. Consult your external accountants or tax advisors for more information in this regard.
Capex vs Opex – As detailed in the tax section above. As a business you will need to decide whether the Capex (asset purchase model) or the Opex (monthly pay as you go) is better suited to your business. Factors like cash flow, depreciation deductions, balance sheet review, investor perception should all be considered.
Functional requirements – Yes, even your functional requirements should be part of the Cloud ERP vs On-Premise ERP debate. Cloud lends itself to faster, easier deployment of ERP solutions. If you have extensive integration and development requirements your business might be better suited to an On-Premise ERP deployment. At the very least, if you have complex functional requirements and you are planning a true Cloud deployment of ERP, ask your ERP vendor or reseller how upgrades will work to ensure continuity of service during a generic Cloud upgrade across a highly customized solution. I am not suggesting that Cloud based ERP solutions can’t be customized – quite the opposite. True Cloud solutions tend to use the latest technology across operating system, database and mobility. As a result Cloud based ERP solutions tend to be easily customizable. The challenge is when you have extensive development and integration (see note below).
Development and integration – The nature and scope of your development and integration work should be considered. A true Cloud solution lends itself to a standard ERP implementation (the less development and integration required the better). Standardisation and repeatability are key for a true Cloud solution. The more standard the solution, the easier the role out and the less disruptive the standard solution updates and upgrades.
Users – The number of users and the pace at which you add (or deduct) users should be considered. Cloud solutions lend themselves to the ability to easily and quickly add or deduct users from the solution – the true “pay as you go” model.
3rd party solutions – If you want to add 3rd party solutions to your Cloud deployment of ERP solutions you will need to ensure that these 3rd party solutions are available in the Cloud and are compatible with your Cloud deployment of your chosen ERP solution.
ERP Upgrades – In a true Cloud environment the ERP Cloud provider takes care of all upgrades. The Cloud provider does a staged or full upgrade to all systems at a certain time.
After having implemented ERP solutions for many years we have learned that the Cloud ERP vs On-Premise ERP decision comes down to a understanding your specific business requirements and propensity to adopt two distinct technology adoption models.
On one side you have your monthly ongoing “pay as you go” model, the Cloud ERP option. Here, the reduced upfront cost and included ERP maintenance are the main advantages.
On the opposite side you have your On-Premise ERP deployment. In this instance the ERP software and infrastructure resides at your office location and you own all the related setup and ongoing maintenance tasks.
In conclusion, our key advise for choosing between Cloud ERP vs On-Premise ERP is to ask lots of questions, get the right answers and then decide which options are best for your business.
Have we missed anything? Let us know in the comments below!
Vittorio Baiocchi Menichelli is Marketing Manager at Leverage Technologies. Leverage Technologies helps companies streamline their operations and increase efficiency through the implementation of Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) and other cloud-based solutions. Vittorio is passionate about all things marketing, tech and innovation. His goal is to help Australian small and mid-sized enterprises to discover, understand and choose the right technology to drive new efficiencies and grow smart.